The reusable spaceplane launched inside a rocket

martes, 11 de abril de 2017

Since the Space Shuttle was retired, we have been lacking a multi-mission spacecraft. Could Europe's Space Rider be the answer? Spacecraft are expensive things. They can take decades to design, and test, and build. And then, apart from the modules that carry their crew back to terra firma, they a...

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Why NASA is going to vaporize one of its best spacecraft

Cassini's "grand finale" begins April 23 All good things must come to an end. On April 23, Cassini will begin its final quest into oblivion. Flying at over 76,000 miles per hour, the spacecraft will zip through an uncharted gap between Saturn and its rings, where no spacecraft has flown before. I...

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Watch the Soyuz 50 spacecraft land pretty much perfectly

They make spaceflight look easy If space travel were gymnastics, we'd say that Expedition 50—which returned early Monday morning from the International Space Station (ISS), stuck the landing. NASA astronaut Shane Kimbrough, along with Sergey Ryzhikov and Andrey Borisenko of the Russian space agen...

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Revista del Ejército del Aire Aeronáutica y Astronáutica abril 2017 ya disponible en PDF

Link de descarga directa

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Aerojet Rocketdyne achieves 3-D printing milestone

Aerojet Rocketdyne, a subsidiary of Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings, Inc. (NYSE:AJRD) has successfully hot-fire tested a full-scale, additively manufactured thrust chamber assembly for the RL10 rocket engine that was built from a copper alloy using selective laser melting (SLM) technology, which is often referred to as 3-D printing.

"We believe this is the largest copper-alloy thrust chamber ever built with 3-D printing and successfully tested," said Additive Manufacturing Program Manager Jeff Haynes. "Producing aerospace-quality components with additive manufacturing is challenging. Producing them with a high-thermal-conductivity copper alloy using SLM technology is even more difficult. Infusing this technology into full-scale rocket engines is truly transformative as it opens up new design possibilities for our engineers and paves the way for a new generation of low-cost rocket engines."


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Report: Military VTOL UAV Market To Grow Over 400% In The Next Five Years [feedly]

Projected To Reach $392.8 Million By 2022 According to a new military UAV market study launched by MarketForecast.com, the Military VTOL UAV market is projected to grow from $81 million in 2016 to $392.8 million in 2022, or over 400%.



http://www.aero-news.net/index.cfm?do=main.textpost&id=a5c7d277-8e66-45fb-9acf-176f2bd8c6c5

 -- via my feedly newsfeed

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Diamond enters helicopter market with DART 280 unveiling



Austrian manufacturer Diamond Aircraft is making its first foray into the helicopter market, with the unveiling at Aero of the DART 280 light-single piston-engined rotorcraft concept.


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Electric aerobatic (look-alike mini Spitfire) Hamilton aEro Takes Off

In news:
https://cleantechnica.com/2017/04/10/final-frontier-electric-airplane-hamilton-aero-takes-off/


Manufacturer webpage
http://www.hamiltonwatchaero.com/


The Hamilton aEro Twister is a very light and efficient aircraft certified to fly aerobatics between +6 and -4 G. The fiberglass airframe is stiffened and strengthened by carbon elements, while the engine provides up to 100 KW power and a 45 minute-flight autonomy, including 15 minutes of aerobatics. The weight/power ratio is 4.2kg per KW, a ratio quite similar to an Extra 200, providing the required performance needed for aerobatic training.
Safety is a main topic topic as the plane can be used for demonstrations but also for beginners to train and therefore needs to be easy to operate. The Siemens engine proved its ability already in the air and is very reliable. Each battery cell has its own processor to control and monitor the situation: in case of overheating, up to 10% of cells can be switched off independently, allowing the pilot to fly back to the airport safely.
Another key aspect is sustainability and ecology. The plane defines a new way of flying by being CO2 neutral and emitting a very low noise profile. Together with other developments, this project supports the future of aviation through environmental-friendly initiatives and a long term vision. Finally, cost is also lower – about 2/5th of a regular aerobatic plane – and is aimed at attracting not only experienced aerobatic pilots but also young people who cannot currently afford to start the immense adventure of flying a plane upside down.

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Manned Electric Aircraft Market 2017-2027 & 2031: Hybrid & Pure Electric Technology Roadmap, Market Forecasts, Companies, Models, MEA





Dublin, April 06, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Manned Electric Aircraft 2017-2027 Hybrid & Pure Electric Technology Roadmap, Market Forecasts, Companies, Models, MEA" report to their offering.

The coverage in the report includes 2017-2027 forecasts of low and high priced electric aircraft sales by number, unit price and market value and a view of figures up to 2031 including assessments by several leading players. The subject matter includes looking at how electric aircraft have largely followed electric land and water vehicles. Pure electric small ones appeared first, about 50 years after the first electric boats and cars. Hybrid ones are needed for the longer distances and tougher duty cycles and only now are these getting serious investment.

The report finds that the delays are only partly explained by the tougher demands and regulatory requirements of aircraft and how things are now changing with much larger commitments. In 2016, Siemens and Airbus agreed to pool 200 engineers to work on them, the level of effort Toyota allotted to hybrid cars twenty years earlier, with major commercial success resulting today. Toyota enjoys well over $20 billion dollars of sales of electric cars, buses and forklifts with Honda and BMW successful too - interesting because all three are now tackling aircraft. Indeed, Google and Facebook are involved in electric cars and aircraft and Apple is interested so it is wake up time. The report analyses the opportunities in new aircraft and their changing key components.


This report of over 190 slide format pages is replete with new forecasts, analysis and infographics seeing the future. The key parts of recent presentations by all the key players are embedded in this work, almost entirely researched in 2016 and early 2017 by award winning PhD level analysts travelling worldwide. Interviews, analyst databases, web searches and conference attendance were extensively used. Old information is useless in this now fast moving field.


Key Topics Covered:

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1. Unique approach of this report
1.2. Some important findings
1.3. Why go electric for manned aircraft?
1.4. How to transition to electric aircraft: MEA, hybrid, pure electric
1.4.1. Airbus Vahana flying car announcement 2017
1.5. MEA issues and opportunities
1.6. Where electric aircraft are headed: range anxiety to range superiority
1.7. Manned aircraft lagged land-based electric vehicles
1.7.1. Great achievements
1.7.2. Little business
1.7.3. Hybrids should have been first
1.7.4. Hybrids: running before you can walk
1.8. Trend to larger electric aircraft
1.8.1. Overview of major issues
1.8.2. Viability of pure electric larger aircraft: timeline
1.9. Electrification of aircraft in general: rapid progress
1.10. Electric aircraft already commercialised
1.10.1. Examples
1.10.2. Viability of electric primary trainers already
1.11. Routes to further commercialisation of electric aircraft
1.12. Pure electric manned aircraft arriving
1.13. Hybrid electric aircraft arriving
1.13.1. HYPSTAIR powertrain for general aviation
1.13.2. Hybrid electric helicopters, multicopters
1.13.3. Airbus eThrust concept with DEP
1.13.4. NASA Sceptor concept with DEP
1.14. Flying cars: needed or possible?
1.14.1. Flying cars using airports
1.14.2. Only single seat is viable?
1.14.3. Combatting urban gridlock: better alternatives
1.14.4. Hybrid VTOL flying car feasibility
1.14.5. Elon Musk, Larry Page and Nikhil Goel
1.15. Choice of powertrains is influenced by many factors
1.16. New end game: Energy Independent Vehicles EIV
1.17. Key enabling technologies in future: examples
1.17.1. Energy harvesting including regeneration
1.17.2. Structural electronics tears up the rule book
1.17.3. Power electronics and other key enablers
1.18. Less mechanics: more electronics
1.19. Becoming one business land, water, air - hybrid and pure electric
1.20. Regulations have impeded small e-aircraft in the USA
1.21. Ambition and freedom in Europe
1.22. Progress in East Asia
1.22.1. China
1.22.2. Japan
1.23. Market forecasts
1.23.1. Timelines 2016-2031: Airbus, Rolls Royce, others
1.23.2. Rolls Royce timeline
1.23.3. MEA target and roadmaps converge to EV for 2035
1.23.4. Manned electric aircraft and airliner forecasts
1.23.5. Manned electric aircraft market forecasts 2016-2026 including hybrid

2. INTRODUCTION
2.1. Lessons from the past
2.2. Situation today
2.3. Other examples: trend to offering several powertrain options in one airframe
2.4. First commercial four seat hybrid
2.5. Contest in 2015: new battery and fuel cell planes
2.6. DLR project for HY4 four-passenger fuel cell aircraft
2.7. New Airbus autonomous aircraft November 2016
2.8. Zero-emission air transport - first flight of four-seat passenger aircraft HY4 - September 2016
2.9. The first electric and VTOL aircraft by Zee.Aero - October 2016
2.10. Hamilton aerobatic aircraft
2.11. Airbus flying car prototype ready by the end of 2017

3. TYPES OF POWERTRAIN
3.1. What is an electric powertrain?
3.2. Pure electric or hybrid
3.2.1. Example: PC Aero Elektra One
3.2.2. Examples: E-Genius, SUGAR Volt
3.3. Types of hybrid electric aircraft
3.3.1. Parallel hybrid
3.3.2. Series hybrid
3.4. Typical hybrid duty cycle and examples
3.4.1. Duty cycle
3.4.2. Cambridge University Song hybrid
3.4.3. Equator P2 Xcursion amphibious aircraft
3.4.4. Biofuel solar hybrid
3.4.5. DARPA VTOL
3.5. Airbus overview of hybrid electric aircraft
3.6. Mild vs strong hybrid: lessons from land vehicles
3.7. EV powertrains and technology forecasts: 2000
3.8. EV powertrains and technology forecasts: 2016
3.9. EV powertrains and technology forecasts: 2017 onwards
3.10. Energy independent electric vehicles EIV operational choices
3.11. Key EIV technologies
3.12. Motors and motor generators
3.12.1. Trend to higher power to weight ratio
3.12.2. Technologies in context of all EVs
3.12.3. Electrical engine start for hybrid electric aircraft
3.12.4. Integrated components - in-wheel
3.12.5. Multimotor designs
3.12.6. Superconducting propulsors and interconnects
3.13. Range extenders
3.13.1. Overview
3.13.2. Gas turbines and rotary combustion engines
3.13.3. Fuel cells

4. ENERGY STORAGE
4.1. Options
4.2. The role of energy storage technologies in electric vehicles
4.3. Making lithium-ion batteries safer
4.4. Operational Principles of Different Systems
4.5. Supercapacitors to Li-ion batteries - a spectrum of functional tailoring
4.6. Matching future hybrid and pure electric aircraft to energy storage choices. Learning from other industries
4.6.1. Map of energy storage choices 2026-2036
4.7. Supercapacitors across lithium-ion batteries
4.8. Extreme lightweighting by structural electronics
4.8.1. Earlier attempts at structural fuel; cells, batteries and capacitors
4.8.2. Successful supercapacitor bodywork
4.8.3. Many other types of structural electronics for aircraft

5. ENERGY HARVESTING AND REGENERATION
5.1. Definitions and background
5.2. Faradair BEHA

6. ENERGY INDEPENDENT VEHICLES EIV
6.1. Energy independent electric vehicles
6.1.1. Why we want more than mechanical energy independence
6.1.2. The EIV powertrain
6.1.3. EIV operational choices
6.1.4. Turtle airship USA
6.1.5. Solar Impulse Switzerland
6.1.6. Solar Ship inflatable fixed wing aircraft Canada
6.1.7. Sunstar USA
6.1.8. Sunseeker Duo USA
6.1.9. The More Electric Aircraft MEA
6.2. Not there yet for large hybrids
6.3. Power electronics in conventional aircraft
6.4. Airliner becomes an electric vehicle when on the ground
6.5. Great potential to improve rotating electrical machines and power electronics
6.6. Future design space: NASA view

7. CAFE TENTH ELECTRIC AIRCRAFT SYMPOSIUM REPORT 2016

For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/zkkfk6/manned_electric

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ANALYSIS: Boeing prepares for unprecedented 737 Max ramp-up [feedly]

ANALYSIS: Boeing prepares for unprecedented 737 Max ramp-up
http://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/analysis-boeing-prepares-for-unprecedented-737-max-434881/

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